Racing precedents

A list of precedents from determinations made by the Racing Penalties Appeal Tribunal.


Bruce Stanley



Racing type


Harness racing rules

Offence type

Prohibited substances : hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) stabilisers, including but not limited to cobalt and FG-4592, vitamins administered by injection.


7: There can be no innocent explanation in any allegation of an offence against Rule 190. Intent is not an element, and mistake of fact is no excuse. There is no defence available. Rule 190 creates an absolute offence.

10: Retrospectivity of Rules

Paragraph number: 7, 10

Decision file

Page reviewed 18 July 2022