Effective date: 30 September 2011 Last amended: 23 September 2019Next review: September 2021
This Policy is designed to provide information in regard to the subject matter covered, and with the understanding that the Gaming and Wagering Commission is not passing legal opinion or interpretation or other professional advice. The information is
provided on the understanding that all persons undertake responsibility for assessing the relevance and accuracy of its contents.
The purpose of this policy is to provide guidelines used by the Gaming and Wagering Commission (the Commission) in determining whether a game played by an electronic gaming machine (EGM) that is not a poker machine is authorised for use at the casino.
As there is no definition within Western Australian legislation that clearly differentiates between EGMs and poker machines, this policy provides a background on the current policy stance taken by the Commission.
Any gaming machine of the kind generally known or described as a poker machine, fruit machine (or any similar machine) is prohibited in Western Australia under section 85 of the Gaming and Wagering Commission Act 1987. Further, section 22 of the Casino
Control Act 1984 allows the Commission to declare games authorised for use at the Casino, with the exception of games played with poker machines.
Traditional mechanical poker machines were first invented in the late 1800s and involved the player pulling a handle that caused the reels to rotate. If a winning combination was displayed, the machine would pay out a predetermined amount of coins.
Historically, when poker machines changed from manual to an electronic medium, they moved closer to EGMs and continual advancements in technology has made it difficult to differentiate between the two types of machines.
Similarities include double up options, second screen feature, offering multiple games on the one machine, betting strategy (ie bets per line, number of lines etc), software, hardware etc. In December 2002, the Commission announced the principle guidelines
for EGM approval:
In December 2005, the Commission further clarified the above guidelines, by adopting other defining requirements for games played on a machine not to be considered a poker machine. These characteristics are detailed as follows and form part of the Western
Australian Appendix to the Gaming Machine National Standard:
2. Player interaction:
3. Speed of play:
The Western Australian Appendix to the Gaming Machine National Standard provides further requirements for determining games to be played on EGMs as follows:
5. Fairness: The player must be able to:
6. Rules of play:
7. Misleading features:
8. Harm minimisation:
9. Chances of Winning:
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